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MERAPI ERUPTION EMERGENCY REPONSE (MEER)
Mount Merapi-Indonesia's most active volcano-began a surge of eruptive activity on October 25, 2010. Almost immediately, 22,000 residents in the vicinity of Mount Merapi were displaced as their houses were destroyed or covered with ash. The November 5 eruption was five times greater than that of October 25 and spewed volcanic ashes and heat clouds that travelled 11.5 km from the crater. It was Merapi's greatest eruption since 1930, when 13 villages were destroyed and 1,400 people where killed. As a result of the second eruption, the death toll from Merapi's recent activity has reached 336, with 279,000 people impacted, according to BNPB (Indonesia's National Board for Disaster Management).
Merapi's violent activity has impacted nearly every facet of the lives of nearby residents. BNPB estimates that USD $24 billion of damage to the core livelihoods in the affected area, including food crops, plantations, fisheries, animal husbandry operations, and forestry projects. Economic impacts are also felt by tourism, hotel, restaurants, and other markets.
As on 12 November 2010, the danger zone was extended to 20 kilometers away from Merapi's crater, and six districts with around 4 million populations were affected. The number of people displacement remained vast, although after peaking at 400,000 households in mid-November, the number of IDPs (Internally Displaced People) has fallen to 107,383.
MENTAWAI EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI EMERGENCY REPONSE (METER)
A 7.2 RS earthquake struck the south west of Mentawai Island, West Sumatra on 25 October 2010 at 21.42 local time. The epicenter was reported to be 240 km south of Padang at a depth of 20.6 km . This earthquake triggered a 3 meter tsunami which swept about 600 meters into the southern side of South Pagai, a sub district of Mentawai Island District. This earthquake and tsunami devastated 15 villages in 4 sub districts (South Pagai, North Pagai, South Sipora and Sikakap).
According to the data released by Disaster Management Agency (provincial level) or BPBD, the number of casualties by 31 October 2010 reached 450 people dead, 96 missing and hundreds injured . More than 10,000 people fled their houses for higher ground and safer places.
Due to the extreme weather, World Vision was not able to immediately send its team to the affected areas in the aftermath of the disaster. However, information and updates were gathered through reliable sources like local government (BPBD), Churches, UN and other (I)NGOs working in Padang and/or Mentawai. World Vision Indonesia finally deployed its 2 staffs to the affected areas six days after the quake to rapidly assess the situation and distributed some relief items as its initial response. Urgent needs identified included food, blanket, medical support, clean water, clothing, emergency shelter and kitchen utensils.